Welsh Mythology: Pwyll’s Sojourn in Annwfn

This is a reblog of a post entitled, Welsh Mythology: Pwyll’s Sojourn in Annwfn,” that was published on JUNE 24, 2020 by ZTEVETEVANS. It is an amazing tale of friendship and the honor that kings showed each other when they exchanged bodies and returned to each other’s homelands.

Under the influence!

Image by Pete Linforth from Pixabay

Presented here is a retelling of the story of the time Pwyll of Dyfed spent in Annwfn in the body of Arawn. It is the first part of the story of Pwyll, Prince of Dyfed or Pwyll Pendefig Dyfed, which is the First Branch of the Four Branches of the Mabinogi. It tells how he and Arawn became friends and of his sojourn in Annwfn.

Pwyll of Dyfed

One day as Pwyll, Prince of Dyfed was out hunting in the region of Glyn Cuch his hounds raised a stag. The stag took off at great speed with the hounds hard on its trail and Pwyll spurred his horse forward in pursuit sounding his hunting horn. The stag was moving fast but the hounds were keeping up and he was keeping up with the hounds. In the speed and excitement of the chase…

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Amulet’s Rapture

It is my pleasure to reblog the 5-star review by Literary Titan of the audiobook of Amulet’s Rapture narrated by Kristen James. An excerpt from the review is as follows: “The audio version of Amulet’s Rapture is a fascinating listen. The narrator absolutely nails tone, character changes, and emphasis. In addition, the particularly intense scenes in which Catrin is being threatened are completely captivating when read by the narrator, Kristen James. What would be moving moments if read in paperback or Kindle become quite terrifying and extremely uncomfortable.” when listening to the narrator’s interpretation of the text–the story is truly brought to life.

LITERARY TITAN

Amulet's Rapture: Curse of Clansmen and Kings, Book 3

Catrin is living a nightmare. She has become a slave, is used and abused as a woman disguised as a soldier, and the love of her life doesn’t remember the passion that once existed between them. Catrin is as feared as much as she is taken for granted. Considered to have powers that far outshine the abilities and skills of any soldier, she is allowed to live and protected even though she isn’t respected. Marcellus, her love, now under the spell of another, can’t quite shake the feeling that something is not right–something he can’t explain but leaves him feeling empty and broken. Catrin knows, but will she be able to tell him in time?

Amulet’s Rapture, by Linnea Turner, continues the journey of young Catrin. Her life, very different from that of previous installments, is a daily struggle for survival. She is only allowed to live because she is…

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Brigit and the Cailleach by Christine Irving

The following is a reblog of a post entitled, “Brigit and the Cailleach by Christine Irving,” which is an old tale from Scotland that explains how winter becomes spring. Cailleach is another name for the Hag – the archetypal Crone. She represents winter. Brigit is the forever Maiden and stands for spring. These myths are handed through generations of countless bards and storytellers which add their own layers to the story. Please enjoy!

Today, I bring you an old old story from Scotland.  It explains how and why winter became spring.   Cailleach is another name for the Hag – the archetypal Crone.  She represents winter. Brigit is the forever Maiden and stands for spring.  There are many ways to spell her name, all of them correct.  Ben Nevis is a mountain in Scotland and the word bairns means “babies”.

It’s always important to remember that myths come to us through retellings by countless bards and storytellers.  They are layered one on top of the other like palimpsests and sometimes appear contradictory.  I think of stories- particularly the ones who have existed for millennia as three-dimensional puzzles to be slowly played with and unlocked in increments.  Furthermore, what we see and hear in a story means different things to us at different times and circumstances.  There is always something new to be gleaned.

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Queen Mebd: Wolf-Queen – Goddess of Sovereignty

The following is a reblog of a post entitled, “Queen Mebd: Wolf-Queen – Goddess of Sovereignty” by by ZTEVETEVANS on June 3, 2020. Queen Mebd is one of my favorite characters in Irish mythology. She is the archetypal ambitious and strong-willed warrior-queen who knew how to get what she wanted. She was described as a lusty fair-haired wolf-queen who was so beautiful men were robbed of two-thirds of their valor on seeing her. What a combination of trains! Please enjoy reading.

Under the influence!

Queen Mebd: Wolf-Queen

In Irish mythology Queen Mebd is a colorful character –  an archetypal warrior-queen – ambitious and strong-willed, who knew her own mind  and how to get what she wanted.  She was described as a lusty fair haired wolf-queen who was so beautiful men were robbed of two thirds of their valor on seeing her (1).  Probably her best known role is the instigator of the Cattle Raid of Cooley or Táin Bó Cúailnge which she undertook with her husband Aillil during a more congenial time in their relationship. Presented here is a brief glimpse of the roles Mebd filled as wife, queen and goddess of sovereignty, looking her most famous exploit, The Cattle Raid of Cooley and finally her death.

Husbands and Marriage

During the Ulster Cycle in Irish mythology she was a…

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Forests and Water in Roman Empire

The following is a reblog from Environment and Society that highlights the pressures that the Roman Empire had in order to supply basic needs to its populations. Not only does the post provide interesting historical information, its a warning to the modern-day civilization about the consequences of depleting resources such as forests. If we do not learn from the past we might repeat it.

Environment and Society

If we do not learn from the past we might repeat it.

Deforestation during the Roman period was a result of the geographical expansion of the Roman Empire, with its increased population, large-scale agriculture, and unprecedented economic development. Roman expansion marks the transition in the Mediterranean from prehistory (around 1,000 BC) to the historical period beginning around 500 BC. Earth sustained a few million people 8,000 years ago and was still fundamentally pristine, but Rome drove human development in Western Europe and was a leading contributor of the deforestation around the Mediterranean.

A measure of Roman civilization was availability of water.

Roman Water Carriers – Aqueducts: The Romans are renowned for engineering marvels, among which is the aqueduct that carried water for many miles in order to provide a crowded urban population with relatively safe, potable water, as well as less essential but very Roman aquatic uses. Rome had nine…

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Development of Patriarchy in Sumer

The following is a blog posted on October 8, 2013 by ellie wilson at Heartwell Productions in which the question is asked: have humans always been organized in patriarchal societies? Or has there ever been another model of human interaction? And if so, when and why and how did it change? Many books have been written on this topic, some fanciful and almost mythological in their naïveté, but others from a thoroughly researched and scholarly perspective. The following discusses the evidence that women have had equal roles in ancient civilizations.

Heartwell Productions

Ever since the beginning of women’s studies, a major question has been: when did all this male dominance begin? Have humans always been organized in patriarchal societies? Or has there ever been another model of human interaction? And if so, when and why and how did it change? Many books have been written on this topic, some fanciful and almost mythological in their naïveté, but others from a thoroughly researched and scholarly perspective.

For a while, the notion was popular that there was once a time when females ruled. People imagined a past when the “great Mother Goddess” was worshipped, and females were held in awe for our mysterious power to reproduce and to bleed without dying. These were the days when societies were set up with female rulers, the fantasy went, when only women could be priests, when, in fact, men were sometimes sacrificed in the cause of fertility.

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With a Celtic Twist

The following is a reblog of my interview entitled, “With a Celtic Post,” that was posted by Literary Titan in conjunction with the release and review of Amulet’s Rapture (Book 3 Curse of Clansmen and Kings).

LITERARY TITAN

Linnea Tanner Author Interview Linnea Tanner Author Interview

Amulet’s Rapture finds Catrin, a princess of Britannia, a warrior, and a druidess ending up a slave to a Roman. How did the initial idea for this novel develop and change as you were writing?

The overall story idea is based on the legacy of Mark Antony and Cleopatra but with a Celtic twist. The inspiration for the primary character, Catrin, is Boudicca, a warrior queen who united the British tribal kingdoms in a rebellion against Rome in 61 AD and almost succeeded in kicking them out. Originally, Amulet’s Rapture was intended to be the first book in the Curse of Clansmen and Kings series. However, after receiving feedback from critique groups, editors, and agents, I decided to start the story earlier in ancient Britannia so readers could better understand what Catrin lost when she is enslaved. Fantastical elements were also added to give the story…

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Apollo: wolf-god

The following reblog of the post entitled, Apollo: wolf-god,” piqued my interest because Apollo, a god considered the most rational, artistic and fastidious of the Olympians, is associated with a wolf. Some denied that Apollo Lykeios had anything to do with wolves, deriving his name from either the place-name Lycia, or else from leukós, white (referring to the sun). Yet, there is still enough traces of evidence that Apollo the worshipped as the Wolf-God.

We Are Star Stuff

The Greek god Apollo is the most rational, artistic and fastidious of the Olympians. So why is an animal noted for its ravening nature part of his cult?

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Caesar’s war in Gaul

This is a reblog of an an excellent article written by David Xu on Caesar’s war in Gaul which is considered his greatest conquest.

No man in history defined their civilization quite like Julius Caesar did for Rome. In many ways Caesar was the quintessential Roman: proud, ambitious, charismatic, daring, and a masterful politician. He also possessed qualities that fostered resentment among the Republic and accelerated the transition of Rome into an Empire, being the first to claim the title of Roman Dictator for a decade. Even from an early age stories of Caesar showed glimpses of his potential as a leader and successful politician, but what catapulted and cemented him as Rome’s most iconic ruler all started from his conquest of Gaul.

David Xu

This is the story of Caesar’s greatest conquest: Gaul

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THE AGE OF ARTHUR, PART FIFTEEN: THE CITY OF LEGIONS

It is my pleasure to reblog of THE AGE OF ARTHUR, PART FIFTEEN: THE CITY OF LEGIONS from the website, The Deadliest Blogger: Military History Page. Also check out the previous posts on this subject.

The Deadliest Blogger: Military History Page

Unique among the territories of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century, Britain succeeded in holding back and even reversing the tide of Germanic conquest for nearly two centuries. This was an age of heroes… It was the Age of Arthur!

This is the fifteenth-part of our discussion of Britain in the 5th though the mid-6th Century A.D. It is a fascinating period, with the Classical civilization of Greece and Rome giving way to the Germanic “Dark Ages”; the sunset of Celtic-Roman culture in Britain.

(Read Part Fourteen here. Or start from the beginning, with Part One!)

THE CITY OF THE LEGION

Continuing on, we are attempting to piece-together a hypothetical career of Arthur, the historical basis for the legendary king. At present, we are drawing upon the work of the 9th century Welsh monk, Nennius. In chapter 56 of his Historia Brittonum (c. 830), he discusses twelve battles fought…

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